Effect of Aerobic Priming on the Response of Echinochloa crus-pavonis to Anaerobic Stress. Plant Physiology ; I. O. Akobundu, C.W. Agyakwa. Echinochloa crus-pavonis* (Kunth) Schult. Mant. 2: (). Classification. ( GPWG ): Subfamily Panicoideae. Paniceae. Basionym. Echinochloa crus-pavonis, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild.

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Panicum cristagalli Gromov ex Trautv. This species is considered an invasive species in North America where it occurs throughout the continental United States.

Kunth Oplismenus limosus J. Ecology Lowland rice areas, crus-paavonis not typically germinate and grow in the absence of oxygen and is not found naturally in flooded rice paddies.

Barnyard grass commonly occurs throughout tropical Asia and Africa in fields and along roadsides, ditches, along railway lines, and in disturbed areas such as gravel pits and dumps.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Fchinochloa also invades riverbanks and the shores of lakes and cruw-pavonis. This plant can grow to 60″ 1. Nakai Echinochloa formosensis Ohwi S. The seed heads are a distinctive feature, often purplish, with large millet-like seeds in crowded spikelets. Both species have well-differentiated, early-withering tips on the fertile lemmas; according to FNA, E.


Diao Echinochloa pungens var. It grows on variety of wet sites such as ditches, low areas in fertile croplands and wet wastes, often growing in water. Retrieved from ” https: Archived from the original on Panicum goiranii Rouy Panicum grossum Salisb.

Riceweeds en – Poaceae – Echinochloa crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult.

There are two varieties of E. Treatments state that the spikelets have 1 cm awns, crus-paavonis herbarium specimens do not always bear that out. Weeds of rice in West Africa. Echinochloa crus-pavonis is a native species, though incredibly difficult to distinguish from the exotic and much more common Echinochloa crus-galli barnyard grass. Echinochloa zelayensis, Echinochloa crus-galli var.

Grass used as cattle fodder and is sometimes cultivated for this purpose. Wikispecies has information related to Echinochloa crus-galli. Local weediness Burkina Faso: Flora of North America. Cotyledons First leaves Erect annual grass.

The grain of some varieties is eaten by humans in times of scarcity and sometimes used for adulterating fennel. The species as a whole has a good amount of taxonomic uncertainty surrounding it, having been considered a variety of E. This grass is also used for reclamation of saline and alkaline areas, especially in Egypt. It is fed green to animals and provides fodder throughout the year; hay made from this plant can be kept up to 6 years.


It is also found in southern Canada from British Columbia east to Newfoundland. Found in marshes and wet places, often found growing in water; below 7, ft. Weed type Grass Global description An erectannual mash grass up to 3 m high.

It is found in higher, dryland areas and has generally been considered to be an anaerobic- or flood-intolerant species. Annual grass reproduces by seed. Presl Oplismenus zelayensis Kunth Orthopogon crus-galli L. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Echinochloa crus-galli.

Echinochloa crus-galli – Wikipedia

Inflorescence Consist of long conically sharped racemes cm long, some of which may be branched. General habit Erectascending grass. Pale brownish, broad-elliptic to ovateto 1. Dai Echinochloa crus-pavonis var. Log In New Account Sitemap.

A handbook of West African Weeds.