Results 1 – 16 of 17 A Remedial English Grammar For Foreign Students. 1 January . An Outline History of the English Language. 21 September history and geography. For example, the fact that the English language (or its ancestor) was carried from the continent to the British Isles in the fifth century AD . Buy An Outline History of the English Language by Frederick PDF Online . ISBN from Laxmi Publications. Download Free Sample and.

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From this time pronunci- ation has been a part of all such works. The hisfory are analogical changes, af- fecting words in their relation to other words. Set up and electrotyped. He claimed the throne on a promise of Edward the Confessor. For example, a good many words of French origin are now pro- nounced with the English th of thick, thin.

C was used for k in cat and cot, though k was occasionally employed for the latter. It is needless to say that Latin never became the language of the people as in Gaul and Spain. They thus conformed fully to English nouns and adjectives. We pronounce few words as they were pronounced in the older periods of English. The best example, because so spoken by all, is the former I machine before r, as in dear, fear.

The controversy between Wyclif and his opponents led to the use of the language of the people in contro- versial prose.

The spelling of ale, more indicates that bh were formerly two syllables each. The Debate of the Body and the Soul is a spirited dialogue, which is con- ceived as taking place just as the soul leaves its earthly habitation. The majority of dissyllabic words of French ori- gin entering Middle English adopted the English accent. The ,anguage resembled y so much that it is often incorrectly read as the latter sound.


Under the influence of such forms as secondly, thirdly, and others, first often becomes firstly. In the second modern period two of the high-pitched vowels have gone one step higher.

Still the diction- ary and grammar had a regularizing and unifying influence. By the opposite analogy, foreign names, once fully anglicized, have sometimes been made snglish con- form to foreign models.

Each, however, had its own way of reaching the end. Yet even Burns did not always use pure Scotch.

Such regulari- zation and simplification has affected all inflectional forms to a wonderful degree, as we shall see under inflection. The stimulus to literature came from Alfred himself. Analogy sometimes changes words so gy they kf to have a relation to others with which they have no real connection. It was the too frequent introduc- tion of archaic words into literature. Two vowels, not a diphthong, may be fused into one in pronunciation.

Thus the unstressed syllables of vulgar, baker, elixir, favor, murmur are all pronounced alike, though originally different as shown by the spelling. They are more open, and the position of the vocal organs in making them is more likely to alter.

In the modern lagnuage English spelling has re- tained, to a great extent, its Middle English character. Trivia Languaeg An Outline Histor Such influences do not prevent all change, but they hinder changes that would otherwise occur more frequently. In a few cases one consonant has been substituted for another, though the spelling may not show the change. Others have fully conformed to English accent, as ed’ucator, agitator, im’itator.

An Outline History Of The English Language

So com- mon was the shortening of words that Elizabethan critics often complained of the numerous monosyl- lables in the language. Other examples of similar humor are found in Sheridan’s Mrs.


There is no proof that they ever affected the pro- nunciation of native words.

A p, b, t, or d has been added, as in empty, ember, earnest, sound. The form of the poem is also English. On the other hand, in American English, the Q sound has often become a artistic in a late period. In Phillips, nephew of Milton, issued his New World of Words, a nearer approach to the dictionary of to-day. The Irish forms of Old English letters are no longer retained in print, and even the runic w has given place to our letter.

: Frederick T. Wood: Books

The French accent was upon the last syllable of a word, unless that syllable was a weak e. Compare ‘ these kind of knaves. Thus the native language tri- umphed, not only over Norman French, but over the traditional and conventional use of French as the language of half the courts of Europe. An ex- ample is the diphthong oi from French. A very small number had already been borrowed from the Romans. Some more scholarly suggestions have resulted in such shorter forms as definit for definite, program for pro- gramme, tho for though.

All these were to influence later English literature. The illiterate of New England, the upper Mississippi Valley, and the South speak somewhat marked dialects. Latin and even Greek studies flourished, rk and Canterbury became great centers of rning. Toward the last of the Middle period the use of Midland English was greatly extended by the establishment of printing in England.

There was more attention to every phase of dic- tion.