Besten Filme Science LEI 13798 PDF

LEI 13798 PDF

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. Dec 8; 53(50): – .. Lei Lei, Department of Bioengineering and Institute of Engineering in Medicine, University of. Kevin Hwang, Peiwen Wu, Taejin Kim, Lei Lei, Shiliang Tian, Yingxiao Wang, . Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This work is supported by the US National Institutes of Health (ES to Y.L.) and by the Office of Science (BER), the U.S. Department of.

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Confocal microscopy images of the DNAzyme Figure 1d showed that the fluorescent DNAzyme was delivered inside the cells, in a diffuse staining pattern mainly localized in the nucleus determined by colocalization with Hoechst stain.

Recognizing this important connection, we and other labs have taken advantage of this property to develop corresponding metal ion sensors. An attractive advantage of our photocaging strategy is that we can use the same caged substrate strand to achieve sensing of different metal ions by using different enzyme strands. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl.

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To overcome this major limitation, we present the design and synthesis of a DNAzyme lel activity is controlled by a photolabile group called photocaged DNAzymeand its application for imaging metal ions in cells. The metal ion selectivity of DNAzymes comes from the sequence identity of the loop in the enzyme strand.

More interestingly, the sequence identity of the two binding arms are not conserved, as long as they can form Watson-Crick base pairs with the chosen substrate. J Mater Chem B.

Schlosser K, Li Y. Both metal-catalyzed cleavage and nuclease-induced degradation result in loss of dynamic range, negatively affecting the signal-to-background ratio and sensor performance. However, most methods rely on rational design, and success in designing one metal sensor may not be readily translated into success for another 1379 sensor, because the difference between metal ions can be very subtle and designing sensors with high selectivity and little or no interference is very difficult.

Annu Rev Anal Chem. The substrate strand containing either caged adenosine or native adenosine was annealed to the enzyme pei. Angew Chem Int Ed. At ambient conditions, the enzyme and substrate strands can hybridize, as the pair has a melting temperature of In conclusion, we have demonstrated a general and effective strategy for protecting the substrate of a DNAzyme sensor, enabling its delivery into cells without being cleaved during the lri, and allowing it to pei used as a cellular metal ion sensor upon photoactivation.

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As a result, the majority of currently identified DNAzymes share a similar secondary structure consisting of two double stranded DNA binding arms flanking the cleavage site.

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As a result, despite photolabile group addition having been widely used as a chemical biological 17398 in the development of photoactivatable proteins, [ 11 ] small molecules, [ 2d11c, 11d 137988, 12 ] and oligonucleotides, [ 11c, 11d13 ] no such strategy has yet been reported to enable the use of DNAzymes for sensing metal ions in living cells.

As with the unmodified DNAzyme, the reactivated uncaged DNAzyme will then cleave the substrate strand leading to a fluorescent signal. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Curr Opin Struct Biol.

Photocaged DNAzymes as a General Method for Sensing Metal Ions in Living Cells

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. Furthermore, the enhanced stability of the caged DNAzyme does not require the use of a specific nanomaterial vehicle as a delivery agent, further demonstrating the wider accessibility of this protection approach. Footnotes Supporting information for this article is given via a link at the end of the document. DNAzymes, sequences of DNA with catalytic activity, have been demonstrated as a potential platform for sensing a wide range of metal ions.

DNAzymes are a class of functional DNA that offers great promise in improving the process of metal ion sensor development.

This allows the fluorophore to be separated from the quenchers, giving a dramatic increase in fluorescent signal. These results strongly suggest that the DNAzyme activity can be restored after light activation: In contrast, when the substrate strand containing the caged adenosine was used, no increase in fluorescent signal was observed, indicating complete inhibition leu the DNAzyme activity.

J Biol Inorg Chem. A complementary approach to rational design is combinatorial selection, which does not rely on prior knowledge of metal-binding, and in which sensor selectivity and affinity can be improved by adjusting the stringency of selection conditions. While the addition of photolabile or photoswitchable groups has been used to control the activity of DNAzymes previously, [ 10 ] no previous report has been able to control both the activity of the DNAzyme and the stability and cleavage of the substrate strand.

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Since the first discovery of DNAzymes in using in vitro selection, many DNAzymes have been obtained using similar selection methods. Curr Opin Chem Leii. Support Center Support Center. Even though the use of DNAzymes for metal ion sensing has been established for some time, the majority of previously published work has been limited to sensing metal ions in environmental samples such as water and soil, with very few demonstrating detection inside cells.

Photocaged DNAzymes as a General Method for Sensing Metal Ions in Living Cells

It is thus necessary to develop a method that allows both the controlled activation of the DNAzyme as well as a method for reversibly protecting the RNA cleavage site from enzymatic degradation. To overcome this limitation, we are currently investigating the design of new ratiometric sensors that may allow for better quantification within cells.

While leu fluorescent signal increase was observed in the absence of light, the fluorescent signal showed an increase with time after addition of metal ions Figure 1c.

Metal ions have been involved in many critical functions in biology, providing structural stability and catalytic activity to proteins, and alone as signaling molecules.

Generalizability of caging strategy. As a result, the exact substrate sequence that can be recognized by a DNAzyme can leo arbitrarily chosen.

The DNAzyme contains an enzyme strand and a substrate strand, which are all DNA except for a single adenosine ribonucleotide rA in the substrate strand, at the cleavage site. Supplementary Material Supporting Information Click here to view. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.